WHAT'S NEW IN LUSATIAN DISTRICT?
Contributing to about one third of Germany total lignite production, mining in the Lusatian Lignite District is the main driver in this region at the border with Poland. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the activity has drastically turned this region an industrial landscape.
The industrial revolution saw the development of energy sectors, especially lignite industry as extensive open-pit mining and coal power plants, which were key drivers of urbanization, fuelling the growth of cities and settlements, radically transforming the landscape of the area.
Following the Reunification Process in the early 1990s and its structural changes, the region found itself economically disadvantaged, leading to decaying urban fabric and high vacancy rates. From 1989 to 2021 the region’s population shrank by 30%.
While unfavourable demographic development is one of the main political challenges, sustainability offers a number of opportunities. In 2020 the federal government decided to end lignite extraction and coal-based energy production.